History of the Yorkshire Terrier Dog Breed
The Yorkshire Terrier breed, colloquially known as the Yorkie, were originally bred in Scotland from three Scotch Terriers — a male named Old Crab, a female named Kitty and a second, unnamed female. In the mid-19th century, Scottish workers emigrated to England and settled in the rugged northern region of Yorkshire, where they worked as operatives in cotton and woollen mills.
They brought several varieties of small terriers with them and began to breed them, naming them Yorkshire Terriers after the region.They used them for chasing down and killing vermin.
Introduced to North America in 1872, the first Yorkshire Terrier was registered with the AKC in 1885. During the Victorian era, they were popular pets and show dogs, both in England and America. Although their popularity fell in the 1940’s, interest in them was renewed, thanks, in part, to a Yorkshire Terrier named Smoky, who had served bravely in World War II.
Physical Description of the Yorkshire Terrier Dog Breed
As members of the Toy breed, Yorkies stand between 6 and 7 inches at the shoulders and weigh up to 7 pounds. Their small heads are rather flat on top with medium-sized muzzles. Their ears are erect and V-shaped, their round, dark eyes have dark rims, and their noses are black. Their tails are usually docked to a medium length and their fine, glossy silken coats fall straight down on either side. Their bodies and tails are steel blue and everything else is tan. Although they shed little to no hair and are usually clipped short (except for show dogs), they still need daily combings and brushings. Many Yorkies sport topknots tied back with a ribbon or bow. Because they suffer from early tooth decay and tooth loss, a daily dental regime, coupled with professional cleanings, is a must. Despite several other health issues, if Yorkies are well-cared for, they can live between 12 and 15 years.
Is the Yorkshire Terrier Dog Breed Right for You?
Bright, energetic and determined little dogs, they’re oblivious to their size and require owners who will immediately set the rules and define the boundaries of this stubborn and feisty breed’s world. To avoid so-called Small Dog Syndrome, Yorkies must be trained early, with patience, firmness and consistency, to mould them into the loyal, affectionate and loving companions they’re meant to be. They can be difficult to housebreak, but because of their size, they can go potty both indoors and out. As high-energy dogs, they require a daily walk and either some romps around a fenced-in yard or some active indoor games to tire them out. Because they have no undercoat, they’re ideal for people with allergies, and their small size makes them perfect for apartment dwellers. Often territorial and intolerant of other animals, they are true “people” pets. They adore their families, crave their company, and will protect them by barking at the first sign of danger – providing that danger remains on the other side of the door!
Furever Rescue Members that have Yorkies available for adoption!